Léon Mébiame

Léon Mébiame
2nd Prime Minister of Gabon
In office
16 April 1975 – 3 May 1990
Preceded by Léon M'ba
Succeeded by Casimir Oyé-Mba
Personal details
Born 1 September 1934
Libreville, French Equatorial Africa (present day Gabon)
Died 18 December 2015 (aged 81)
Libreville, Gabon
Political party PDG

Léon Mébiame (1 September 1934 – 18 December 2015) was a Gabonese politician who was the 2nd Prime Minister of Gabon. From 1975 to 1990, he served as the longest-serving Prime Minister in Gabonese history, at 15 years and 17 days.[1][2]

Life and career

A member of the Fang ethnic group,[2] Mébiame was born in Libreville.[1][2] Under French colonial rule, he became an inspector of federal police in 1956 and was posted in Chad from 6 January 1957 to March 1959.[1] At independence in 1960, he was commissioner of police.[3] A close associate of President Omar Bongo, he was Vice President of Gabon from 1968 to 1975, when the position was abolished; he was then appointed as Prime Minister and served from 16 April 1975 to 3 May 1990. Subsequently, he joined the opposition in the early 1990s.[4][5]

He was appointed as President of the Libreville Chamber of Commerce, Industry, and Mines on 6 November 2008.[6] He took office on 4 December 2008, succeeding Joachim Boussamba.[7] He was also appointed to the Economic and Social Council, an official advisory body, by President Bongo in 2008, although he lost his seat on the council after Bongo's son Ali Bongo Ondimba took office in 2009.[3]

Mébiame died at age 81 at a Libreville clinic on the night of 17–18 December 2015.[3]


  1. ^ a b c La politique africaine en 1969 (1970), Ediafric, page 134 (in French).
  2. ^ a b c David E. Gardinier and Douglas A. Yates, Historical Dictionary of Gabon (2006), third edition, page 209.
  3. ^ a b c "Décès de Léon Mébiame, l’unique Premier ministre sous monopartisme" Archived 2015-12-22 at the Wayback Machine, Agence Gabonaise de Presse, 18 December 2015 (in French).
  4. ^ "Convention républicaine ?" Archived 2011-07-22 at the Wayback Machine, Africa Intelligence, 8 July 1993 (in French).
  5. ^ David E. Gardinier, "Gabon: Limited Reform and Regime Survival", Political Reform in Francophone Africa (1997), ed. Clark and Gardinier, Westview Press, page 156.
  6. ^ "Nomination d'un nouveau président de la chambre de commerce", Infosplusgabon, 7 November 2008 (in French).
  7. ^ "Gabon: Chambre de Commerce : Joachim Boussamba passe le flambeau à Léon Mébiame" Archived 2008-12-08 at the Wayback Machine, Gabonews, 4 December 2008 (in French).
Preceded by
Omar Bongo
Vice President of Gabon
Succeeded by
Position abolished
Preceded by
Leon M'Ba
Prime Minister of Gabon
Succeeded by
Casimir Oye-Mba