List of regencies and cities of Indonesia

This is the list of regencies and cities of Indonesia. Both regencies and cities are second-level administrative subdivision in Indonesia, immediately below the provinces, and above the districts. They are roughly equivalent to American counties.[1]

In Indonesia, both regency and city are at the same administration level, each having their own local government and legislative body. The difference between a regency and a city lies in demography, size, and economy. Generally, a regency comprises a rural area larger than a city, but also often includes various towns. A city usually has non-agricultural economic activities.

A regency (Indonesian: kabupaten) is headed by a regent, known locally as bupati, while a city (Indonesian: kota) is headed by a mayor (walikota). All regents, mayors, and members of legislatures are directly elected via elections to serve for a five year term which can be renewed once. Each regency or city is divided further into districts more commonly known as kecamatan, or distrik in Papua.

An administrative city is a city without its own local legislatures (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Daerah). The mayor of an administrative city is directly appointed by the Governor. This type of city in Indonesia is only found in Jakarta which consisted of 5 administrative cities and 1 administrative regency.

Following the implementation of decentralization beginning on 1 January 2001, regencies and city municipalities became the key administrative units responsible for providing most governmental services.[2]

The list below groups regencies and cities in Indonesia by provinces. Each regency has an administrative centre, the regency seat.[3]

List of regencies and cities by province

Sumatra

Regencies in Aceh

No Regency Capital
1 Batang Hari Muara Bulian
2 Bungo Bungo
3 Kerinci Siulak
4 Merangin Bangko
5 Muaro Jambi Sengeti
6 Sarolangun Sarolangun
7 East Tanjung Jabung Muara Sabak
8 West Tanjung Jabung Kuala Tungkal
9 Tebo Tebo
No City
1 Jambi
2 Sungai Penuh
No Regency Capital
1 Central Bengkulu Karang Tinggi
2 Kaur Bintuhan
3 Kepahiang Kepahiang
4 Lebong Muara Aman
5 Muko-Muko Muko-Muko
6 North Bengkulu Argamakmur
7 Rejang Lebong Curup
8 Seluma Tais
9 South Bengkulu Manna
No City
1 Bengkulu
No Regency Capital
1 Banyuasin Pangkalan Balai
2 East Ogan Komering Ulu Martapura
3 Empat Lawang Tebing Tinggi
4 Lahat Lahat
5 Muara Enim Muara Enim
6 Musi Banyuasin Sekayu
7 Musi Rawas Muara Beliti Baru
8 North Musi Rawas Rupit
9 Ogan Ilir Indralaya
10 Ogan Komering Ilir Kayuagung
11 Ogan Komering Ulu Baturaja
12 Penukal Abab Lematang Ilir Talang Ubi
13 South Ogan Komering Ulu Muaradua
No City
1 Lubuklinggau
2 Pagar Alam
3 Palembang
4 Prabumulih
No Regency Capital
1 Central Lampung Gunung Sugih
2 East Lampung Sukadana
3 Mesuji Mesuji
4 North Lampung Kotabumi
5 Pesawaran Gedong Tataan
6 Pringsewu Pringsewu
7 South Lampung Kalianda
8 Tanggamus Kota Agung
9 Tulang Bawang Menggala
10 Way Kanan Blambangan Umpu
11 West Lampung Liwa
12 West Pesisir Krui
13 West Tulang Bawang Central Tulang Bawang
No City
1 Bandar Lampung
2 Metro
No Regency Capital
1 Anambas Islands Tarempa
2 Bintan Bandar Seri Bentan
3 Karimun Tanjung Balai Karimun
4 Lingga Daik
5 Natuna Ranai
No City
1 Batam
2 Tanjungpinang

Java

Map of West Java with cities and regencies names.png

Name Capital Area
in Square km
Population
2005 estimate
Population
2010 Census
Population
2014 estimate[4]
Bandung City 167.27 2,288,570 2,394,873 2,575,478
Banjar City 113.49 162,383 175,157 188,365
Bekasi City 206.61 1,993,478 2,334,871 2,510,951
Bogor City 118.50 891,467 950,334 1,022,002
Cimahi City 39.27 546,879 541,177 581,989
Cirebon City 37.36 308,771 296,389 318,741
Depok City 200.29 1,374,903 1,738,570 1,869,681
Sukabumi City 48.25 291,277 298,681 321,205
Tasikmalaya City 171.61 582,423 635,464 683,386
Bandung Regency Soreang 1,767.96 4,037,274 3,178,543 3,418,246
Bekasi Regency Cikarang 1,224.88 1,983,815 2,630,401 2,828,767
Bogor Regency Cibinong 2,710.62 3,829,053 4,771,932 5,131,798
Ciamis Regency Ciamis 2,424.71 1,511,942 1,532,504 1,648,075
Cianjur Regency Cianjur 3,840.16 2,079,770 2,171,281 2,335,024
Cirebon Regency Sumber 984.52 2,044,257 2,067,196 2,223,089
Garut Regency Garut 3,074.07 2,196,422 2,404,121 2,585,423
Indramayu Regency Indramayu 2,040.11 1,689,247 1,663,737 1,789,204
Karawang Regency Karawang 1,652.20 1,926,471 2,127,791 2,288,254
Kuningan Regency Kuningan 1,110.56 1,045,691 1,035,589 1,113,686
Majalengka Regency Majalengka 1,204.24 1,167,566 1,166,473 1,254,440
Pangandaran Regency Parigi ** ** ** **
Purwakarta Regency Purwakarta 825.74 753,306 852,521 916,812
Subang Regency Subang 1,893.95 1,380,047 1,465,157 1,575,649
Sukabumi Regency Sukabumi 4,145.70 2,168,892 2,341,409 2,517,982
Sumedang Regency Sumedang 1,518.33 1,014,019 1,093,602 1,176,074
Tasikmalaya Regency Singaparna 2,552.19 1,619,052 1,675,675 1,802,043
West Bandung Regency Ngamprah [id] 1,305.77 * 1,510,284 1,624,179
Totals 35,377.76 38,886,975 43,053,732 46,300,543
Notes

* - the 2005 population is included in the total for Bandung Regency, of which West Bandung Regency was formerly part.
** - the figures for Ciamis Regency include those for the new Pangandaran Regency, created in 2012.

Regencies in Central Java

Regencies in East Java

No Regency Capital
1 Bangkalan Bangkalan
2 Banyuwangi Banyuwangi
3 Blitar Wlingi
4 Bojonegoro Bojonegoro
5 Bondowoso Bondowoso
6 Gresik Gresik
7 Jember Jember
8 Jombang Jombang
9 Kediri Pare
10 Lamongan Lamongan
11 Lumajang Lumajang
12 Madiun Madiun
13 Magetan Magetan
14 Malang Kepanjen
15 Mojokerto Mojokerto
16 Nganjuk Nganjuk
17 Ngawi Ngawi
18 Pacitan Pacitan
19 Pamekasan Pamekasan
20 Pasuruan Pasuruan
21 Ponorogo Ponorogo
22 Probolinggo Probolinggo
23 Sampang Sampang
24 Sidoarjo Sidoarjo
25 Situbondo Situbondo
26 Sumenep Sumenep
27 Trenggalek Trenggalek
28 Tuban Tuban
29 Tulungagung Tulungagung
No City
1 Batu
2 Blitar
3 Kediri
4 Madiun
5 Malang
6 Mojokerto
7 Pasuruan
8 Probolinggo
9 Surabaya
No Regency Capital
1 Bantul Bantul
2 Gunung Kidul Wonosari
3 Kulon Progo Wates
4 Sleman Sleman
No City
1 Yogyakarta

Lesser Sunda Islands

Kalimantan

No Regency Capital
1 Bengkayang Bengkayang
2 Kapuas Hulu Putussibau
3 North Kayong Sukadana
4 Ketapang Ketapang
5 Kubu Raya Sungai Raya
6 Landak Ngabang
7 Melawi Nanga Pinoh
8 Pontianak Mempawah
9 Sambas Sambas
10 Sanggau Sanggau
11 Sekadau Sekadau
12 Sintang Sintang
No City
1 Pontianak
2 Singkawang
No Regency Capital
1 Balangan Paringin
2 Banjar Martapura
3 Barito Kuala Marabahan
4 Central Hulu Sungai Barabai
5 Kotabaru Kotabaru
6 North Hulu Sungai Amuntai
7 South Hulu Sungai Kandangan
8 Tabalong Batulicin
9 Tanah Laut Tanjung
10 Tanah Bumbu Pelaihari
11 Tapin Rantau
No City
1 Banjarbaru
2 Banjarmasin
No Regency Capital
1 East Barito Tamiang
2 East Kotawaringin Sampit
3 Gunung Mas Kuala Kurun
4 Kapuas Kapuas
5 Katingan Kasongan
6 Lamandau Nanga Bulik
7 Murung Raya Puruk Cahu
8 North Barito Muarateweh
9 Pulang Pisau Pulang Pisau
10 Sukamara Sukamara
11 Seruyan Kuala Pembuang
12 South Barito Buntok
13 West Kotawaringin Pangkalan Bun
No City
1 Palangka Raya
No Regency Capital
1 Berau Tanjung Redeb
2 East Kutai Sangatta
3 Kutai Kartanegara Tenggarong
4 Mahakam Ulu Ujoh Bilang
5 North Penajam Paser Penajam
6 Paser Tanah Grogot
7 West Kutai Sendawar
No City
1 Balikpapan
2 Bontang
3 Samarinda

Sulawesi

No Regency Capital
1 Bantaeng Bantaeng
2 Barru Barru
3 Bone Watampone
4 Bulukumba Bulukumba
5 East Luwu Malili
6 Enrekang Enrekang
7 Gowa Sungguminasa
8 Jeneponto Bontosunggu
9 Luwu Belopa
10 North Luwu Masamba
11 North Toraja Rantepao
12 Maros Maros
13 Pangkajene Islands Pangkajene
14 Pinrang Pinrang
15 Selayar Islands Benteng
16 Sinjai Sinjai
17 Sidenreng Rappang Sidenreng
18 Soppeng Watan Soppeng
19 Takalar Takalar
20 Tana Toraja Makale
21 Wajo Sengkang
No City
1 Makassar
2 Palopo
3 Parepare
No Regency Capital
1. Central Mamuju Tobadak
2. Majene Majene
3. Mamasa Mamasa
4. Mamuju Mamuju
5. Pasangkayu Pasangkayu
6. Polewali Mandar Polewali
No Regency Capital
1 Bombana Rumbia
2 Buton Pasar Wajo
3 Central Buton Labungkari
4 East Kolaka Tirawuta
5 Kolaka Kolaka
6 Konawe Unaaha
7 Konawe Islands Langara
8 Muna Raha
9 North Buton Burangga
10 North Kolaka Lasusua
11 North Konawe Wanggudu
12 South Buton Batauga
13 South Konawe Andolo
14 Wakatobi Wangi-Wangi
15 West Muna Laworo
No City
1 Baubau
2 Kendari
No Regency Capital
1 Banggai Luwuk
2 Banggai Islands Salakan
3 Buol Buol
4 Banggai Laut Banggai
5 Donggala Donggala
6 Morowali Bungku
6 North Morowali Kolonodale
8 Parigi Moutong Parigi
9 Poso Poso
10 Sigi Sigi Biromaru
11 Tojo Una-Una Ampana
12 Toli-Toli Toli-Toli
No City
1 Palu

Maluku Islands

Western New Guinea

No Regency Capital
1 Fak-Fak Fak-Fak
2 Kaimana Kaimana
3 Manokwari Manokwari
4 Maybrat Kumurkek
5 Raja Ampat Waisai
6 Pegunungan Arfak
(Arfak Mountains)
Anggi
7 Sorong Aimas *
8 South Manokwari Ransiki
9 South Sorong Teminabuan
10 Tambrauw Fef
11 Teluk Bintuni Bintuni
12 Teluk Wondama Rasiei
No City
1 Sorong
No Regency Capital
1 Asmat Agats
2 Biak Numfor Biak
3 Boven Digoel Tanahmerah
4 Central Mamberamo Kobakma
5 Deiyai Tigi
6 Dogiyai Kigamani
7 Intan Jaya Sugapa
8 Jayapura Sentani
9 Jayawijaya Wamena
10 Keerom Waris
11 Lanny Jaya Tiom
12 Mamberamo Raya Burmeso
13 Mappi Kepi
14 Merauke Merauke
15 Mimika Timika
16 Nabire Nabire
17 Nduga Kenyam
18 Paniai Enarotali
19 Pegunungan Bintang Oksibil
20 Puncak Ilaga
21 Puncak Jaya Kota Mulia
22 Sarmi Sarmi
23 Supiori Sorendiweri
24 Tolikara Karubaga
25 Waropen Botawa
26 Yahukimo Sumohai
27 Yalimo Elelim
28 Yapen Islands Serui
No City
1 Jayapura

Proposed new regencies

On 25 October 2013 the Indonesian House of Representatives (DPR) began reviewing draft laws on the establishment of 57 prospective regencies/cities (and 8 new provinces),[5] as set out below:

"With these new regions, it is hoped that we can shorten the line of governance, improve land and security aspects, and no less important, support historical and cultural [institutions]," House Speaker Marzuki Alie said.

The agreement will be forwarded on for government approval.

Marzuki said that the new regions, especially in areas bordering other nations, will be able to support more development so that border areas develop faster and become less vulnerable to the territorial claims of other countries.

"We hope everything will go smoothly," he said.

Under the new package, eight new provinces will join Indonesia’s current 34; three of the new provinces are in Papua and West Papua. The new provinces are Pulau Sumbawa, South Papua, Central Papua, Southwest Papua, Tapanuli, Nias, Kapuas Raya and Bolang Mongondow Raya.

The seventeen newly created regencies in Papua Province will comprise the regencies of Gili Menawa, Moyo, Balin Senter, Bogogha, Puncak Trikora, Muara Digul, Admi Korbay, Katengban, Okika, Northwest Yapen, East Yapen, Numfor Island, Yalimek, Mambera Hulu, Southwest Yahukimo, East Yahukimo and Gondumisisare; in addition there will be two new municipalities of Merauke and Lembah Baliem (Baliem Valley). The nine newly created regencies in West Papua will comprise the regencies of Malamoy and Maibratsau (both taken from Sorong Regency), North Raja Ampat and South Raja Ampat (both from Raja Ampat Regency), Raja Maskona (from Teluk Bintuni Regency), Okas (from Fakfak Regency), West Manokwari (from Manokwari Regency) and Imeo (from South Sorong Regency), while Manokwari will become a new independent city(from Manokwari Regency).

The other new regencies will comprise: Simalungun Hataran (created from Simalungun Regency) and Pantai Barat Mandailing (from Mandailing Natal Regency) in North Sumatra, Kundur Island (from Karimun Regency) in Riau Kepulauan, Renah Indojati (from South Pesisir Regency) in West Sumatra, the Muaro Bungo municipality (from Bungo Regency) in Jambi, the Lembak Regency (from Rejang Lebong Regency) in Bengkulu and the regencies of Bigi Maria (from Lahat Regency) and Pantai Timur (from Ogan Ilir Regency) in South Sumatra.

Additionally, three new regencies will be created in West Java: South Garut, or Garut Selatan (created from Garut Regency), North Sukabumi, or Sukabumi Utara (from Sukabumi Regency) and West Bogor, or Bogor Barat (from Bogor Regency).

Kalimantan will see four new regencies: Sekayam Raya (created from Sanggau Regency) and Banua Banjak (from Kapuas Hulu Regency) in West Kalimantan, and South Berau Pesisir (from Berau Regency) and South Paser (from Paser Regency) in East Kalimantan.

Sulawesi will see four as well: South Talaud, or Talaud Selatan (created from Talaud Islands Regency) in North Sulawesi, South Bone, or Bone Selatan (from Bone Regency) in South Sulawesi, and Bolio Huto, Panipi (from Gorontalo Regency) and West Gorontalo (from Pohuwato Regency) in Gorontalo; and two new municipalities: Tahuna (from Sangihe Islands Regency) and Langoa (from Minahasa Regency), both located in North Sulawesi.

Other new regencies will include South Lombok (created from East Lombok Regency) on Lombok island, the regency of Adonara (from East Flores Regency) and the Municipality of Maumere (from Sikka Regency) on Flores island, and the regencies of Wasile (from East Halmahera Regency) and Obi Islands (from South Halmahera Regency) in North Maluku.

Later in the same week, the House, at its last plenary meeting of 2013, approved the creation of a further seven new regencies - Mahakam Ulu (in East Kalimantan), Malaka (in East Nusa Tenggara), Central Mamuju (in West Sulawesi), Banggai Laut (in Central Sulawesi), Taliabu Island (in North Maluku), Penukal Abab Lematang Ilir (in South Sumatra) and East Kolaka (in Southeast Sulawesi).[5]

References

  1. ^ Turner, Mark; Owen Podger; Maria S. Sumardjono; Wayan K. Tirthayasa (2003). Decentralisation in Indonesia: redesigning the state. Australian National University. Asia Pacific School of Economics and Government. ISBN 0-7315-3697-5.
  2. ^ Indonesia - The World Factbook, Central Intelligence Agency, 2013
  3. ^ "Profil Daerah (Regional profiles)". Indonesian Ministry of Interior.
  4. ^ Estimasi Penduduk Menurut Umur Tunggal Dan Jenis Kelamin Menurut Kabupaten/Kota Tahun 2014.
  5. ^ a b Jakarta Post, 14 November 2013