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- Édouard Manet's Olympia by Beth Harris and Steven Zucker. Smarthistory. Khan Academy. [11 February 2013].
- Clark, T.J. (1999) The Painting of Modern Life: Paris in the Art of Manet and His Followers. Revised edition. Princeton: Princeton University Press, p.86.
- Quoted in Honour, H. and J. Fleming, (2009) A World History of Art. 7th edn. London: Laurence King Publishing, p. 708. ISBN 9781856695848
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