无争议冠军

无争议冠军英语:undisputed champion)在职业拳击界中是指获得所有主要拳击组织世界拳王头衔的拳击手。[1][2]

历史

在20世纪60年代之前,绝大多数拳王都是没有争议的[3],但当时“无争议冠军”这个词本身很少被使用。[4]不过当1963年世界拳击理事会(WBC)成立以与世界拳击协会(WBA)分庭抗礼之后,[5]60、70年代便出现了许多无争议冠军。[3]

1984年国际拳击联合会(IBF)创立之后也成为了主要的拳击组织之一,这造成了冠军头衔的进一步分裂。[6]1985年至1987年间,经过谈判,重量级冠军头衔曾得以短暂的统一,迈克·泰森成为了自1978年莱昂·斯平克斯英语Leon Spinks后首位同时拥有WBA、WBC与IBF头衔的无争议冠军。[7]

1988年世界拳击组织(WBO)成立后则花了很长时间才成为有影响力的拳击组织。2001年WBA终于决定给予WBO冠军与WBA、WBC、IBF冠军同样的认可。[8]而此后WBC、IBF也开始承认WBO冠军头衔。[9][10]

有些人认为,WBO头衔是成为无争议冠军的必要条件。[11][12][13][14]但也有人认为,只要同时拥有WBA、WBC与IBF拳王头衔,便可称为无争议冠军。[15][16][17]其他较小的拳击组织,如国际拳击组织(IBO)、国际拳击联盟(IBU)等,则不在无争议冠军的判断标准之中。

参见

参考文献

  1. ^ Holyfield, Evander; Gruenfeld, Lee. Becoming Holyfield: A Fighter's Journey. Simon & Schuster. 2008: 123. ISBN 1-4165-3486-5. 
  2. ^ Boxing. Encarta: 5 "Professional Boxing". [2008-11-14]. (原始内容存档于June 5, 2008). If one fighter manages to capture the titles of all the major organizations at once, this is known as "unifying" the title and the boxer is the "undisputed" champion. 
  3. ^ 3.0 3.1 Morrison, Ian. The Guinness World Championship Boxing book. Guinness Publishing. 1990: 126–137. ISBN 0-85112-900-5. 
  4. ^ Avis, Frederick Compton. Boxing Dictionary 2nd. 1970: 141. ISBN 0-211-26839-9. 
  5. ^ Morrison, pp.14–15
  6. ^ IBF/USBA History. IBF. [2008-11-15]. 
  7. ^ Berger, Phil. Tyson undisputed and unanimous titlist. New York Times. August 2, 1987 [2008-11-14]. 
  8. ^ Super championships guidelines. WBA. [2008-11-14]. (原始内容存档于2001-11-19). 
  9. ^ Compare
    WBC Bantamweight Ratings (incl. WBO). WBC. [2008-11-15]. (原始内容存档于2004-08-03).  and
    WBC Bantamweight Ratings (excl. WBO). WBC. [2008-11-15]. (原始内容存档于2004-02-04). 
  10. ^ IBF Ratings. IBF. February 2007 [2008-11-15]. (原始内容存档于2007-02-02). 
  11. ^ Gonzalez, Frank, Jr. Sharkie’s Machine: Joe Calzaghe Too Slick For Mikkel Kessler. eastsideboxing.com. November 3, 2007 [2008-11-10]. Joe Calzaghe, who is now the closest to being the undisputed Super Middleweight Champion of the World. (There's still the IBF Title if he's to have all four of the most recognized belts.) 
  12. ^ Klitschko wants undisputed status. BBC News. 12 November 2006 [2008-11-14]. "It doesn't matter with whom - (WBA champion Nikolai) Valuev, (WBO title holder) Shannon Briggs or (WBC champion Oleg) Maskaev," Klitschko said. 
  13. ^ Borges, Ron. Holyfield never lost hope in retiring 'undisputed'. ESPN. October 12, 2007 [2008-11-14]. one of the four belts he needs to fulfill his final fistic dream 
  14. ^ Smith, Tim. Size matters: Klitschko belts Ibragimov. New York Daily News. February 24, 2008 [2008-11-14]. 
  15. ^ Shields, Ronnie; Jones, Robert. Interview with Evander Holyfield's Trainer Ronnie Shields. fightnightnews.com. [2008-11-14]. (原始内容存档于May 26, 2008). He wants to be undisputed, so that means he's got three belts out there that he wants. WBA, WBC, and IBF, those are the titles he wants. 
  16. ^ Daniels, Eddie. Campbell Ready To Put On Show. Tampa Tribune. February 1, 2008 [2008-11-14]. Antonio Tarver has made his quest to add to his IBO light heavyweight title a playoff-like system. / "Right now, my goal is three fights, three belts, undisputed by the end of the year," Tarver said. / Round 1 begins April 12 against Clinton Woods at the St. Pete Times Forum. According to Tarver, he'll take Woods' IBF lightweight title, then he's going after Danny Green's WBA light heavyweight belt. After that, he'll take on the winner of the Chad Dawson-Glen Johnson fight, which on the undercard of his bout with Woods, for the WBC belt. 
  17. ^ Cox, Jesse K. Waiting for Zab Judah. thesweetscience.com. January 19, 2006 [2008-11-14]. (原始内容存档于2007年5月16日). the undisputed welterweight champion of the world – owner of the IBF, WBC and WBA belts